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Home » Seeking Solutions for Honeybee Health at the University of Idaho
Major in Microbiology determined to cure honey bee disease
The “Bee Movie” may have inspired Keera Paull’s dedication to honeybees.
Or maybe it was the cartoon image on the box of her favorite honey-flavored breakfast cereal that spurred her fondness for the insects, which she observed from a young age buzzing among clover on Rathdrum Prairie in north Idaho.
“I was never scared of them like most kids. I used to get bumblebees to crawl on my hands,” said Paull, senior science professor at the University of Idaho. Though Paull can’t pinpoint exactly when she fell in love with honeybees, the loyalty led to a honeybee tattoo and a promise to her high school class that she would pursue a career in helping bees survive.
Since enrolling at U of I, Paull has kept that promise.
As part of her undergraduate research in Professor JT Van Leuven’s laboratory, Paull isolates bacteriophages, viruses that infect bacteria. She hopes that by identifying and multiplying the viruses, she can use them to attack two types of bacteria that cause foulbrood disease in beehives.
American foulbrood is a deadly honey bee disease caused by bacteria that kill bee larvae. Beekeepers are often forced to burn infected colonies and the wooden hives they live in to prevent the spread of the disease.
“Treatment options for foulbrood are minimal and destructive,” Paull said. “Treatment with antibiotics is generally only used by commercial beekeepers in the US and is banned in Europe.”
Antibiotic treatment contributes to the spread of antibiotic resistance and requires testing before humans eat treated bee products, she said.
Paull, a recent Beverly Flowers Memorial Grant recipient, spent last summer extracting and sequencing bacteriophage — or phage — and bacterial DNA from honey bee samples collected in the Pacific Northwest. She performed whole-genome sequencing of the phages to help genetically characterize and differentiate between the different versions.
Professor James “JT” Van Leuven’s lab is researching ways to kill the bacteria that decimate honey bee colonies.
“Keera’s research is important for developing the basic principles of virus ecology,” said Van Leuven. “Their findings have practical application in helping honey bees.”
“I’ve shot a lot with 4-H, and my favorite thing to photograph is insects, especially bees, because they’re pretty,” she said. “I always focused my high school projects on bees and how I can help them survive.”
Her lab work is helping researchers understand how microbes in a honey bee’s environment — including its gut — contribute to bee health.
“In a very short time she has become a competent and valued member of the laboratory,” said Van Leuven. “I can’t wait to see where her curiosity and hard work ethic take her.”
Article by Ralph Bartholdt, university communication . Photos by Joe Pallen, creative services . Video Compilation by Melissa Hartley, creative services . Released June 2022.