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Home » Estrada and partners aim to advance the future of semiconductor manufacturing
Earlier this year, the National Science Foundation invested over $30 million in 21 projects involving 100 institutions in 20 states through its Future Manufacturing program. Aligned with national priorities set by the New White House US National Strategy for Advanced Manufacturing , this program aims to enable manufacturing capabilities that do not exist today. The new Advanced Manufacturing strategy outlines goals and objectives for advancing microelectronics and semiconductor manufacturing, biomanufacturing, intelligent manufacturing and also for developing innovative materials and processes for manufacturing. David Estrada, Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, has partnered with the University of Washington, Eastern Washington University, University of Pittsburgh and Micron Technology (Advisory Board) to award a Seed Grant under the Future Manufacturing program of $500,000 to study the feasibility of integrating two-dimensional materials with DNA nanotechnology as a new approach to fabricating computer memory, a critical component in modern computing and data storage. “One of the biggest challenges facing the information and communication technology ecosystem is the amount of energy required to process and store the massive amounts of data that we produce,” Estrada said. “By some estimates, the world’s information and communications technology infrastructure will consume more energy than is produced by the global fleet of nuclear reactors.” Estrada’s goal is to develop new materials and computational architectures that can address this global challenge at the level of individual transistors, which will have a broader impact on the information and communication technology ecosystem. Contact DNA for help Currently, memory technologies are fabricated from silicon wafers, which require expensive instrumentation to pattern. It is also becoming increasingly difficult to shrink the size of storage devices using this approach, and the industry has invested heavily in pushing the boundaries of advanced semiconductor manufacturing to achieve features roughly two to three times larger than the diameter of DNA . Led by Haitao Liu, a professor of chemistry at the University of Pittsburgh, the team aims to use the self-assembling properties of DNA and “two-dimensional” materials to overcome this manufacturing bottleneck. These materials are a class one to three atoms thick with excellent electrical, thermal, and optical properties. The team plans to use the size and self-assembly properties of DNA to create nanometer-scale self-assembled templates to pattern and modify two-dimensional materials to create synaptic memory devices. The devices are critical to enabling energy-efficient computing architectures that mimic the human brain. The team will also develop atomistic models to understand material and device behavior, while developing educational and staff development activities designed to highlight the integration of biology, chemistry, physics and engineering as a potential career path for future semiconductor device manufacturing .